At Running River, we are honored to care for the finest rugs. Today I would like to share some information about some fine beauties, the carpets from Nain.
Nain (Persian: نائين, also Romanized as Nā’īn and Nāeyn) is a city in and the capital of Nain County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 24,424, in 6,950 families.
Na’in (also known as Naein and Naeen) lies 170 km north of Yazd and 140 km east of Esfahan with an area of almost 35,000 km², Na’in lies at an altitude of 1545 m above sea level. Like much of the Iranian plateau, it has a desert climate, with a maximum temperature of 41°C in summer, and a minimum of -9°C in winter.
More than 3,000 years ago the Persians learned how to construct aqueducts underground (qanat in Persianکاریز, or kariz) to bring water from the mountains to the plains. In the 1960s this ancient system provided more than 70 percent of the water used in Iran and Na’in is one of the best places in all the world to see these qanats functioning.
Unique to Na’in are some of the most outstanding monuments in all of Iran: the Jame Mosque, one of the first four mosques built in Iran after the Arab invasion; the Pre-Islamic Narej Fortress; a Pirnia traditional house; the Old Bazaar; Rigareh, a qanat-based watermill; and a Zurkhaneh (a place for traditional sport).
Besides its magnificent monuments, Na’in is also famous for high-quality carpets and wool textiles .Some linguists believe the word Na’in may have been derived from the name of one of the descendants of the prophet Noah, who was called “Naen”. Many local people speak an ancient Pahlavi Sasani dialect, the same dialect that is spoken by the Zoroastrians in Yazd today. Other linguists state that the word Na’in is derived from the word “Nei” (“straw” in English) which is a marshy plant.It has one of the earliest remaining mosques in Iran, and has a Sassanid era fort, now in ruins, called Narin Ghal’eh.It extensively uses ab anbars. Naein is most famous in the world for its rugs.
Nain rugs usually have a cotton foundation with a very soft wool or wool & silk pile. The majority of Nain rugs have at least some silk detail. Quality is measured not only in knots per square inch (KPSI) which averages about 300 but also in LAA. LAA is a Farsi term referring to the number of threads that make up each fringe. A Nain with a LAA of 9 is considered a good quality rug (yet is the lowest quality of true Nains) while a LAA of 4 the best. LAA is related to KPSI as it allows tighter knotting. Nain is a town 150km to the east of Isfahan in central Iran; it is relatively new to the carpet world compared to ancient weaving centres such as Kashan, Isfahan and Yazd. Although it started out producing Isfahan carpets, in the mid 1930s Nain began developing its own style. Very fine and precise designs were created due to the high quality of the workshops in the area. Fathollah Habibian (1903-1995) ran one of the most famous Na’in workshops and is widely regarded as ‘the father of Nain rugs’. Producing fine carpets with his brother Mohammed since his school days Fathollah Habibian is responsible for the design and weaving of some of the world’s finest Nains
The most commonly used vegetable dyes are indigo (originally obtained by extracting and fermenting the leaves of the indigo plant and used to dye wool blue) Nain rugs and carpets are made in Nain, Iran. Among Persian rugs, Nains are perhaps the more technical weavings made today. The way in which Nain rugs are graded is on a Laa scale, which literally translates and refers to “layers” or ply of each warp the rug is woven upon. Nain rugs and carpets are also some of the more recognizable weavings produced today. The coloring is very fresh and clean. Nain is one of the few cities that use white wool as a predominant color. They are often easily identified by their heavy use of navy blue (often a field color), white (often a field color), cream, and some reds. While Nain “design” rugs are made in many different colors, most of the true Nains, or ones which are not from outlying cities, are consistently of a higher quality of 225 KPSI or greater. Interestingly enough, despite the higher quality, it’s very unusual for a Nain rug or carpet to feature more than 8 different colors total.What ever the color, what ever the challenge we are ready at Running River Rug Cleaning®